Countywide Drought and Water Shortage Contingency Plans
In California, small water suppliers and rural communities were hit the hardest during the five-year drought that ended in 2016. In the worst cases, some rural and small communities saw their wells go dry. The State and counties provided bottled water and installed large water storage tanks for homes that ran dry. Small water systems can be more vulnerable to higher costs and water quality issues during prolonged dry periods.
Unlike their larger counterparts, small water systems are not required to maintain drought contingency plans. The lack of emergency/contingency plans left small and rural water systems and their stakeholders unaware of opportunities for assistance during the drought.
To improve water conservation and water shortage planning, Assembly Bill 1668 (Friedman), passed into law in 2018, directed DWR to do the following:
- Identify small suppliers and rural communities at risk of drought and water shortage vulnerability and
- Develop recommendations for improving drought contingency planning for those areas.
In coordination with multiple state agencies and vetted through an extensive stakeholder process, DWR developed recommendations that would allow small water suppliers and rural communities to meet their drought and water shortage planning needs. The report is available below. Also linked below is an online tool which enables small water suppliers and rural communities to explore their relative risk of drought and water shortage.
Report and Tool
- Public Review Draft Report “Small Water Suppliers and Rural Communities at Risk of Drought and Water Shortage Vulnerability and Recommendations and Guidance to Address the Planning Needs of these Communities” (March 2020) – [PDF]
- Executive Summary of Draft Report
- Appendix 2 - Drought and Water Shortage Risk Scoring – California’s Small Water Supplier and Self-Supplied Communities
- Appendix 5 - Proposed Draft Water Shortage Contingency Plan Components for Small Water System
- Appendix 6 - Proposed Draft Umbrella Water Shortage Contingency Plan Components
- Other report appendices are available upon request from firstname.lastname@example.org
- Drought and Water Shortage Risk Explorer Tool for Small Water Suppliers and Rural Communities. See the tool for more information. (Recommended browsers: Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Microsoft Edge)
- Downloadable tables of drought and water shortage risk scores of all small water suppliers and rural communities examined, can be found at the CNRA Open Data website.
- DWR's Environmental Social Scientist Julia Ekstrom recently did a presentation for Natural Resources Earth Day Science "Ted Talks," related to the risk assessment. Watch her presentation Water Shortage Risk in a Changing Climate: Science to Support Small Water Suppliers and Rural Communities.
Public Comment and Input
- DWR is holding a public comment period from April 14 through June 19, 2020 to gather input/comments on recommendations and guidance provided in the draft report and on the new online water shortage risk assessment tools. Two Webinars have been scheduled to discuss the report recommendations, the Risk Scoring Tool, and the risk scores as follow:
- May 27, 2020 Webinar – to review, clarify, discuss, and receive comments on the drought and water shortage risk scoring and tool
- May 28, 2020 Webinar – to discuss and receive comments on the Draft Report recommendations.
Publications and Reports
- Stormwater Targets for Groundwater Recharge and Direct Use in Urban California Public Review Draft
- Making Water Conservation a California Way of Life Implementing Executive Order B-37-16 Final Report
- Final Primer 2018 Water Conservation Drought Planning Legislation
- Water Code Legislation Excerpt Chapter 10