California has a Mediterranean climate characterized by warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters. The climate, however, can vary depending on geographical region. Precipitation, for example, is greater in the northern half of the State than the southern half.
California’s climate can also swing from wet years to dry years and back again. Climate change is increasing this variability.
On average, 75 percent of California's annual precipitation – made up of rain, snow, and hail – falls from November through March. The bulk of this precipitation occurs in just three months -- December, January, and February -- when California tends to get a small number of large winter storms called atmospheric rivers. A handful of atmospheric rivers -- or lack thereof -- during the winter season can determine if the year will be wet or dry.
View the reports below for a snapshot of California’s basic conditions at a regional or statewide scale. More detailed information for precipitation and surface water information is available in the California Data Exchange Center (CDEC).