IWFM: Integrated Water Flow Model

Our Integrated Water Flow Model (IWFM) is a computer program used for water resources management and planning within a basin. It calculates groundwater flows, soil moisture movement in the topsoil, stream flows, land surface flows and flow exchange between the groundwater, streams and land surface as generated by rainfall, agricultural irrigation, and municipal and industrial water use. IWFM also calculates agricultural water demands based on crop types, crop acreages,soil types, irrigation methods and rainfall rates,as well as the municipal and industrial water demands based on population and per-capita water use rates. IWFM is a powerful tool that can help water managers understand the historical evolution of the surface and subsurface water flows within their basin, and to plan the use of groundwater and surface water to meet future agricultural, municipal and industrial water demands.

DWR is providing the IWFM to Groundwater Sustainable Agencies (GSAs) to develop their Groundwater Sustainability Plans (GSPs) as a tool that can be used for sustainable groundwater management.

License information: IWFM is copyrighted by the State of California Department of Water Resources. It is licensed under the GNU General Public License. This means it can be copied, distributed, and modified freely, but you may not restrict others in their ability to copy, distribute, and modify it. See GNU General Public License for more details.

A summary of IWFM features, example applications and selected publications can be found in the IWFM factsheet.

Downloads

Download IWFM: We have 3 current versions of IWFM. Each version has several downloadable content (release notes, executables, source code, documentation, input file templates, sample problem).

Reports

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Resources

Latest Workshop

Support Tools

  • IWFM Mesh Generator (Last updated: March 9, 2017)  This is a mesh generator that is integrated into ESRI's ArcMap software. It utilizes shapefiles to define model boundary, streams, enforcement lines, holes and wells to generate a triangular, quarilateral or mixed triangular-quadrilateral finite element mesh. It uses Triangle, developed by Dr. Jonathan Richard Shewchuk, and Gmsh, developed by Christophe Geuzaine and Jean-François Remacle, as the mesh generator engines. The mesh can be converted to a shapefile to perform various data analysis to develop input data (e.g. soil properties, land use distribution, development of stratigraphic layers) for IWFM applications. Groundwater and stream nodes as well as finite elements can be numbered automatically and the IWFM mesh files can be exported to text files. After downloading the setup executable file, double-click on it and follow the instructions. After installation, start ArcMap and click the "IWFM Mesh Generator" button.
  • IWFM Tools Add-in for Excel 2016: (Last updated: July 24, 2018)  (Download either for 32-bit MS Office or 64-bit MS Office) This tool is tested under Windows 10 and installs as a new tab named "IWFM Tools" into Excel 2016, and currently includes four utilities (Note: The Budget-To-Excel utility will no longer work for Budget binary files generated by IWFM v3.02 or v4.0):
    i. data column export to a text file
    ii. Water Year-Month table generator
    iii. Budget-To-Excel data import utility
    iv. Z-Budget-To-Excel data import utility
    The first utility is useful when IWFM input data is prepared in Excel and when this data needs to be exported into a text file with right-aligned data columns. The second utility is used to convert time series data into a Water Year-Month table and optinally generate charts. The third and fourth utilities are used to quickly import data from IWFM Budget and Z-Budget HDF5 files into Excel. After downloading the setup file, double-click it and follow the instructions for installation.

  • Soil Data Builder(Last updated: June 1, 2016) This tool processes the SSURGO soil database from NRCS and creates text files that store root zone data required by IWFM and IDC. These text files can then be opened in ESRI's ArcGIS along with the SSURGO shapefiles, and processed to generate soil parameters to be input to IWFM or IDC models. This tool requires MS Access 2007 or higher to be installed on the user's computer. Once installed, you can find the tool under Start -> All Programs -> IWFM.  
  • Soil Data Builder with GIS(Last updated: February 17, 2017) This utility is the Soil Data Builder tool (above) that is integrated within ESRI's ArcMap. It processes multiple SSURGO soil database from NRCS for an IWFM or IDC application and generates the soil parameter values for model cells. This utility can also be used to generate soil parameters for any polygon layer, not just for IWFM or IDC model grids. The utility has been tested with ArcMap v10.3 under Windows 10 OS. After downloading the setup executable file, double-click on it and follow the instructions. After installation, start ArcMap and click the "IWFM SDB-GIS" command button. 
  • IWFM PEST Utilities (Last updated: October 28, 2013) These utilities are developed to aid the user in automatic calibration of an IWFM application by linking it to the Parameter ESTimation tool (PEST). The download includes the documentation, an example, executables for both Windows and Linux Ubuntu OS, and the source code for the utility programs.
  • Land Use Adjustment Preprocessor (Last updated: September 18, 2017)  (Download either for IWFM v3.xIWFM v4.0 or IWFM-2015) The land use adjustment preprocessor allows the user to generate a time series data set of elemental land use areas based on subregional or model-wide time series data and elemental survey data. The download includes the source code, executable program, example input and output files, and program description.

Related Pages

Newsletters & Subscriptions

User’s Group: The IWFM User’s Group is part of CWEMF, hosted by both DWR and U.S. Bureau of Reclamation in an effort to encourage development and understanding of the model. Information pertaining to the upcoming quarterly meetings, as well as information regarding the previous meetings will be accessible through the CWEMF website. If you're new to the users group please send IWFMtechsupport@water.ca.gov your contact information so we can update you on the next meeting.

Contact Information